Soft Tissue Injury Management: Compression and Taping
PTA 101 Introduction to Clinical Practice 1
Instructional Use Statement
The following information is used for instructional purposes for students enrolled in the Physical Therapist Assistant Program at Lane Community College. It is not intended for commercial use or distribution or commercial purposes. It is not intended to serve as medical advice or treatment.
Describe symptoms of soft tissue pathology for which compression and taping treatment may be included in a physical therapy plan of care
- Describe indications, procedures, and benefits for protective taping and wrapping in response to tissue injury.
- ankle (circular and figure-8)
- elastic taping
- Describe methods to check for impaired circulation following compression
- Describe advantages for taping vs. bandaging a soft tissue injury
- Define and describe terminology used for grading muscle strains
- Define and describe terminology used for grading ankle sprains
- Identify common sites for muscle contusion injuries
- Define and describe common types and causes of muscle contusions
- Describe two primary taping methods use in rehabilitation
- Compare and contrast rigid vs. elastic taping for treatment of signs and symptoms of soft tissue injuries
Compression and Taping for Tissue Healing
Compression and taping are most often used during the acute and subacute phases of tissue healing. Soft tissues must be protected while working through gentle and progessive motion, so that potential for full healing is maximized. PTAs should be able to apply knowledge of tissue healing principles when selecting compression and taping interventions.
Self-Assessment from Kisner and Colby Readings
Sprains and Strains
Ankle sprain is one of the most common and recurrent ligamentous injury. Your handouts for this lecture include an article which specifically addresses ankle sprain management.
Some guidelines for reading the linked handout on ankle sprains:
- Skim pp 95-99, Pathomechanics, Diagnosis, and Radiology sections of the article
- Focus on pp. 99-103, Initial Management through Rehab.
- Table 2 summarizes the role of compression in early ankle sprain rehab. Students should be able to describe the role of compression in rehabilitation in their own words.
Grading systems for sprains and strains are the same. The higher the grade, the more severe the injury.
Bruises are muscle contusions, usually due to some blunt force to the contractile tissue.
PT Intervention - Compression
How to Tell If an Ace Bandage is Too Tight
How to Wrap a Calf with an Ace Wrap
How to Wrap a Wrist with An Ace Bandage
Figure 8 Bandage
Applying a Triangular Sling
PT Intervention - Taping
- Scapular Taping
- Read the introduction and then skim the content until you reach the 'Assessment' section (p. 806). Focus on treatment and techniques. The Discussion includes the author's rationale
- Summary of Common Taping Techniques
- Rigid vs. elastic taping outcomes
- Taping for a Sprained Finger - Finger Buddy
Videos of Taping Techniques
Kinesiotaping for Shoulder Strain/Pain
How to Tape a Sprained Ankle
How to Wrap a Pulled Quad with Athletic Tape
Low-Dye Taping Technique for the Foot
End of Lecture