Skeletal Demineralization

The following information is used for instructional purposes for students enrolled in the Physical Therapist Assistant Program at Lane Community College. It is not intended for commercial use or distribution for commercial purposes. It is not intended to serve as medical advice or treatment. Contact for permissions.

For Your Info Only

Additional links are included in the 'sidebar' of your interactive lecture. These resources are for your information only and may help in the future with patient education in clinical practice

Reading and Study Tips

  • Cameron discusses T-scores and bone density data. The take home message for this section is the standard deviations from normal bone density which determines diagnostic criteria. This information is reinforced in the interactive lecture
  • Normal Bone Physiology should be review from your A&P. You will not be tested on your knowledge of normal bone physiology, but you will need to apply previous knowledge to understand the basis for interventions
  • Pathophysiology
  • you will not be asked to distinguish between type I and type II bone loss (Table 3.1)
  • concepts are summarized well in Box 3.1 and represents the depth of knowledge expected for the exam
  • risk factors are important and are also reinforced in the lecture
  • Examination - skim this section for a general understanding of a PT evaluation (skim pp. 22-23)
  • Interventions
  • reinforce your understanding of the role of the interventions featured in the major headings for this section.


  1. Describe risk factors for skeletal demineralization
  2. Identify clinical indicators for bone loss
  3. Describe the role of PT in bone loss prevention
  4. Select appropriate exercises for patients with osteoporosis
  5. Explore resources for patient education in fall-risk management associated with osteoporosis